The Industrial Revolution spread from Great Britain to the continent, where the state played a greater role in promoting industry.
The experiences of everyday life were shaped by industrialization, depending on the level of industrial development in a particular location.
Great Britain established its industrial dominance through the mechanization of textile production, iron and steel production, and new transportation systems.
Following the British example, industrialization took root in continental Europe, sometimes with state sponsorship.
Industrialization promoted the development of new classes in the industrial regions of Europe.
Europe experienced rapid population growth and urbanization, leading to social dislocations.
Over time, the Industrial Revolution altered the family structure and relations for bourgeois and working-class families.
Because of the persistence of primitive agricultural practices and land-owning patterns, some areas of Europe lagged in industrialization, while facing famine, debt, and land shortages.
During the Second Industrial Revolution (c.1870-1914), more areas of Europe experienced industrial activity, and industrial processes increased in scale and complexity. A heightened consumerism developed as a result of the Second Industrial Revolution.